Week 3 Discussion 1: “War and Peace” Please respond to the following: · Based on the lecture and Webtext materials, address the following: · Discuss substantive ways in which armed conflict can contribute to or distract a developing economy and infrastructure. Analyze specific reasons why developed nations do not experience the same kinds of social upheaval. Note: Consider discussing a country you will use for Assignment 1 next week.
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RE: Week 3 Discussion 1
The effects of armed conflict are adverse to developing countries, unlike their developed counterparts. Armed conflict reduces a nation’s income; its Gross Domestic Product will consequently decline at a constant rate resulting in an economic degradation. Such economic problems arise from reduced economic activity since people like farmers who would otherwise be farming to get some output will be used as fighters in the war. Additionally, developing countries spent the most significant part of their national income in infrastructure development projects; armed conflicts destroy the established resources like bridges, roads, airports and buildings hence pulling them back to the start line (Basedau et al. 238). During conflict periods the corrupt political warlords and government officials move millions of money to their accounts since all eyes are directed towards the war.
Mali is an excellent example of a developing country that is derailed by the effects of armed conflict. The road back from violence is not an easy one for the country, and it requires some international support if Mali is to attain political stability. Social revolutions and their effects are more prevalent in developing countries than the developed ones like the United States. Such stability results from the colonial experience, and the strong commercial, industrial class that developed nations have which is absent in Third World countries. There is more economic stability in developed nations hence they do not experience the same kinds of social upheaval or similar level of economic loss like the developing nations.
Basedau, Matthias, Birte Pfeiffer, and Johannes Vüllers. “Bad religion? Religion, collective action, and the onset of armed conflict in developing countries.” Journal of Conflict Resolution60.2 (2016): 226-255.
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Week 3 Discussion 2
“Patrol Strategies” Please respond to the following:
· Read the article titled “Proactive Patrolling through the Use of Patrol Scripts”, located here . You may also view the article at here . Review the three (3) elements of the crime triangle and give your opinion as to how they contribute to crime.
· Compare and contrast the main relative strengths and weaknesses of foot patrol and automobile patrol. Explore how police can combine these two (2) patrol methods to enhance the effectiveness of patrol efforts. Support your response.
· Imagine that you are the director of an inner-city school district’s school police. Propose how you would implement at least one (1) of the patrol strategies discussed in the textbook to improve the overall safety and security for the students that attend schools in your district.
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RE: Week 3 Discussion 2
The crime triangle provides an opportunity to understand the variety of factors that encourage the development of crime. The three element of this trainable as noted by Rivero (n.d.) include desire opportunity and crime. Desire or the motive is the intrinsic push to commit a crime and thus the internal motive to commit crime results in criminal activities. Ability or the means to commit crime are defined as the extent to which the individual can follow through on their motive to commit a crime. For instance, a man with a gun has the means to commit an armed robbery for instance. Opportunity identifies that it is a crime that can be committed at the time without disruptions to the criminal, for instance, an isolated building provides an opportunity for a burglar to carry out the crime. Foot patrols and automobile patrols have their drawbacks and strengths. In foot patrols, the police can form relationships and trust with those they look after while understanding the lay of the land (Wyllie, 2016). Their drawbacks are that they require massive manpower and can place police at risk of being targeted. Automobile patrols enable the police to serve the wider community and enhance responsiveness to the crime, but it prevents the community from forming partnerships with the police. The use of both foot and automobile patrols can provide communities with greater services as the police can respond easily to emergency calls while they can enhance citizen trust in the police force.
Rivero, D.A. (n.d.). Proactive Patrolling through the Use of Patrol Scripts. Retrieved from http://www.policechiefmagazine.org/proactive-patrolling-through-the-use-of-patrol-scripts/
Wyllie, D. (2016). Police foot patrols: 3 pluses and 3 pitfalls. Retrieved from https://www.policeone.com/community-policing/articles/225497006-Police-foot-patrols-3-pluses-and-3-pitfalls/