Worksheet #4: Botwinick 196-224. Resistance & Rescue. *Botwinick uses the term “Judenrat” or the plural form Judenraete. This refers to the Jewish Council, the governing group in the ghettoes. What happened during the Rosenstrasse Protest and why is it significant historically? (6 points)

  1. What happened during the Rosenstrasse Protest and why is it significant historically? (6 points)
  • Compare and contrast the forces and weapons of the Warsaw Ghetto fighters and their German enemies.  Did the ghetto fighters have any advantages?  (7 points)
  • To what extent was the defeat of the Warsaw Ghetto fighters a victory for the Germans? (6 points)
  • What are some of the practical difficulties that Jewish resistors faced outside of the concentration camps as they tried to do their work and survive? ( 8 points)
  • What types of acts of resistance, broadly defined, did Jewish resistance groups and partisans organize? (10 points)
  • Of the uprisings in the three death camps of Treblinka, Sobibor and Auschwitz-Birkenau, which one was the most successful in your opinion?  Use factual information to support your answer (10).
  • Based on Botwinick’s discussion, evaluate what the nation of Great Britain did to help European Jews and the options that were available to them (10).
  •  Prior to President Roosevelt’s establishment of the War Refugee Board, did the U.S. government, State Department and American Jews do much to help European Jews?  Does Botwinick suggest actions that could have been taken? (12 points)
  • Why does Botwinick paint such a positive portrayal of Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg?  What efforts did he make for Hungarian Jews? (9 points)
  1. The Danish rescue of nearly 8,000 Jews residing in Denmark is one of the more positive and redeeming stories that comes out of WWII and the Holocaust. How widespread were the efforts of the Danish population in this rescue mission? (10 points)
  1. According to Botwinick this large-scale rescue mission took place in Denmark, but not elsewhere because of the role both national and local leaders played, among other factors.  Explain Botwinick’s argument on this topic regarding the case in Denmark.  Do you believe that the role models leaders provided or failed to provide were very significant?  Did leaders in other European capitals simply ignore the role they could play in rescuing Jews or did they ever assist Jews? Provide examples.  (12 points)
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