NUR 699 WEEK 6 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1. NUR 699 WEEK 6 DISCUSSION QUESTION 1 Topic 6 DQ 1 When reviewing the literature and different types of evidence, there are often gaps in the findings. Are such gaps a help or a hindrance when wanting to create a change?

Solution 1 A literature review is a process in which the principal objective is to highlight what has been researched. By taking this course of action, the investigator will reveal a better insight of what has been studied, and and also finds “the weaknesses, gaps, or areas needing further study are” (Saint Mary’s University [SMU], 2013, p. 1). Therefore, a literature review should be able to substantiate the reason the research is useful, necessary, important, and valid. Carey, Yon, Beadles, and Wines, (2012) teach gaps in literature can be due to: • Insufficient or imprecise information. • Biased information. • Inconsistency or unknown consistency. • Not the right information (such as not the appropriate outcome measured or population assessed) (p.19). To create a change, there must be evidence that a “change” is a necessity. When reviewing literature, and gaps exist, this is an opportunity to study more meticulously that deficiency of knowledge. A researcher, while trying to fill that gap, can achieve new and applicable knowledge that leads to a practice change. Identifying a problem is the engine of a change “The justification may indicate that there is a gap in the knowledge, conflicting findings, or omission of a group” (Winona State University: Graduate Programs in Nursing, 2012, p. 4). References: Carey, T., Yon, A., Beadles, C., & Wines, R. (2012, March 15). Prioritizing Future Research through Examination of Research Gaps in Systematic Reviews., 1-44. Retrieved from Saint Mary’s University. (2013). Literature Review. Retrieved from Winona State University: Graduate Programs in Nursing. (2012). Thesis and Evidence-Based Practice Project Guidelines. Retrieved from EBP Guidelines_2012-13_(Working_Copy).pdf

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