In this assignment you will collect and analyze documentary materials about women in media based on the Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP) Report from 2015. (The reason we are not analyzing their complete report of all countries and regions if because of the large PDF file size that seems to create issues in NVIVO). In order to complete this assignment, you will need to access the NVIVO software.
CMNS 202 – Assignment 1: Doing Documentary Research about Gender and Media using NVivo
Submission: Submit report AND NVivo file (or your TA might ask for screen captures of your NVivo annotations compiled as 1 pdf file) via Canvas
Report Length: Approximately 2000 words, plus citations of course readings
Overarching Question: How global media portray gender in their news coverage?
In this assignment you will collect and analyze documentary materials about women in media based on the Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP) Report from 2015. (The reason we are not analyzing their complete report of all countries and regions if because of the large PDF file size that seems to create issues in NVIVO). In order to complete this assignment, you will need to access the NVIVO software. NVivo is available for download by undergraduate students, so you will need to set aside time to visit a lab on campus. You can find out where to access NVIVO by visiting this page:
In addition to working with NVivo, you will also need to produce a written assignment that answers the questions listed throughout these instructions. As you answer these questions, please make reference to the course readings. Use proper citation and bibliography formatting in your report. Submit both your written work and your NVivo project file to your TA via Canvas for grading.
1) Getting Started
a) Gather the following documents in CMNS 202 Canvas page (under
Files→Assignment→Assignment 1→Assignment_Documents). These are the documentary artifacts that you will use as a starting point for your research. Normally you would start a project by locating key documentary materials, but for the purposes of this assignment, we are giving you a head start. These are documents to download from Canvas:
1. Global Media Monitoring Report 2015 (Highlights)
2. Global Media Monitoring Report 2015 (Finland)
3. Global Media Monitoring Report 2015 (Lebanon)
4. Online article 1: “The digital mirror: Women’s relative invisibility in traditional media crosses over into digital platforms” from GenderIt
5. Online Article 2: “Gender map in global media” from LiveMint
You can access the entire report online for your reference and especially if you like to know more about the project: http://whomakesthenews.org/gmmp/gmmpreports/gmmp-2015-reports. However, it is not necessary to import the ENTIRE report into NVIVO as it 2 doesn’t import well into the software due to the document’s large size. Instead, just import the 5 documents listed above into NVIVO and run your analysis based on those.
Pro Tip: NVivo does not work very well with HTML (web page) files. PDFs work much better. If you are downloading a newspaper article, it is best to save it as a PDF. Alternatively, you can also import your documents using NCapture, which is an NVivo extension in Google’s Chrome Web Browser. If you are using Chrome to surf the internet, and if it has the NCapture Extension at the top right of the screen, then you can automatically capture websites for import into NVivo. Go to the webpage you want to capture, and click the NCapture button. It looks like this: . A dialogue window will pop up. Make your selections and click capture. Now open NVivo and, with the Documentary Research folder selected, go to the data tab. Click NCapture. A new window will appear with a list of your captured websites. Now you can import your news articles.
b) Open the NVivo desktop application and Start a New Project (File->New Project). Enter your name and student number in the ‘save as’ field. Decide where you will save your file. (I put mine on my desktop, but you could also save it on a thumb drive or in the cloud.) You can also give your project a title by filling in the title field. Now hit ‘create’.
Note that NVivo is a desktop application, not a cloud-based application. So, you need to SAVE SAVE SAVE your work. Do this regularly, and create backups as well, so that you don’t lose your work.
c) Create a folder for your documentary research materials under Data->Files (which is at the top of the left side menu bar). Right click on Files and select ‘New Folder’. Label this folder ‘Documentary Research’.
d) Now it’s time to import your four documentary research artifacts. With the
Documentary Research folder selected, click the Data tab near the top of the screen. NVivo obliges you to import documents by file type. So, for example, to import a PDF, select Data->PDF. To import a picture, select Data->Picture. Locate your document and click ‘import.’ Give the document a name and hit ‘done’. Note that NVivo will import the artifact into the file that you currently have selected on the left side menu bar. If you import something into the wrong spot, just drag and drop it to the right place.
Select the Documentary Research folder that you created under Files. You can now open and read your documents right in Nvivo by double clicking on the title of the document in the file list. You can close the document again by closing the tab (in Windows) or closing the items in the Open Items list, which is at the bottom left of your screen (on Mac). 3
Question 1: Where did the documents come from? Are these reliable sources? Why or why not?
2) Classifying Documents
NVivo allows you to sort your documents into different piles, which is useful when you are working with a large volume of materials. Give this a try: classify your documents according to whether they are primary or secondary sources.
a) Create your classifications. Click on ‘File Classifications’ under Data on the left side bar. Right click in the large white space mid-screen to produce a drop-down menu. Click ‘New Classification’ and name it ‘Primary.’ Repeat this again to create a classification called ‘Secondary’.
b) Click on your ‘Documentary Research’ folder. Take an initial look at your documents. Think about where they came from, and what they each aim to do. Decide whether they are primary our secondary sources. Once you have decided how to classify each document, right click on the document’s name in the file list to make a dropdown menu appear. Scroll to the very bottom and select classification->primary/secondary.
c) You can now return to the source classifications files, and your documents will be sorted into primary and secondary sources. If you were working with a large number of different kinds of artifacts, you could use NVivo to sort them into ‘piles’ so that they would be easier to manage.
Question 2: Explain why you chose to classify each document as either primary or secondary.
Use NVivo’s annotation feature to get familiar with your documents.
a) Open the Documentary Research folder once again and double click on the titles of the documents to view them. As you read your documents, observe the following:
• Key actors and institutions contributing to the Global Media Monitoring Project
• Information about how the research is conducted (“1 day in the news”)
• Evidence of media’s coverage (or lack of coverage) of women and women’s issues
• Evidence of any difference in coverage between countries/regions
• Evidence of how the report is narrated in the two online articles
b) Make ‘annotations’ (notes) about your key observations. To make an annotation, highlight a chunk of text, and then right click on it to make a dropdown menu appear. Select ‘New Annotation’ and then write your notes into 4
the text field that appears. The annotated text will now stay highlighted. To review the annotations you made in a single document, open that document and
click the ‘Annotations’ button on the right hand side of the screen. (It has a little speech bubble icon next to it.)
To see a giant list of all of the annotations you made in all of the documents, click on ‘Annotations’ under ‘Notes’ on the left hand side menu bar. Now you can look over your notes and reflect of what you’ve learned from reading the various documents.
What about annotations of images? To annotate an image, first click the edit button on the right side of the screen to allow changes to the photograph. Drag your cursor over the area of the photo that you want to comment on. Now click the plus (+) sign at the bottom right of the screen. A field will appear where you can enter your annotation.
Question 3: Comment on the authenticity, credibility, and representativeness of the documents. How so? Why or why not? How are the two online articles from GenderIt and LiveMint different in terms of their coverage of the GMMP 2015 report and highlights? In other words, how do the two articles “narrate” or represent the report?
Question 4: Reflect on the totality of your annotations about all 5 documents. What are your main observations about women in media according to your documents? How are your annotations help to answer the overarching question in this assignment, i.e, “how global media portray women in their news coverage?”
4) Cases: Countries in the report
Finally, use what you’ve learned to identify some cases that you can analyze further. Cases are clearly identifiable actors, institutions or locations that serve as sites for different types of activities. Think about the analysis you did in part 3. Based on that work, select “Country” as your case, and then select “Finland” and “Lebanon” as ‘instances’ of that ‘case.’
a) Click on ‘Cases’ under ‘Cases’. (Note, it is very important that you do NOT select ‘Case Classifications’ – that’s for something else.) Right click in the big white space mid-screen to make a drop-down menu appear. Select ‘New Top Level Case’. Enter the name of your case (Finland). Repeat this operation for your second case (Lebanon).
b) Go back to your Documentary Research Files again. Read through your files one more time. This time as you read, highlight any text that provides information about each of your cases. For example, if you are gathering information about Finland, then highlight key facts about Finland each time that you see them in the 5 text. Right click on highlighted sections of text to produce a drop-down menu, but this time, select ‘Code Selection’ -> ‘At Existing Nodes or Cases’. A new menu box will appear. Check off the ‘Cases’ box on the left hand side, and then check off the relevant case. The selected text will now be saved as part of the selected case. What you are doing is gathering together background material about each of your cases. When you are finished, select ‘Cases’ under ‘Cases’ on the left hand menu bar. When you open a case, you will find all the details you found about that case (country) gathered together in one place. This is a great way to organize research when you areworking with several different documents.
Question 5: Focusing on Finland and Lebanon speak to differences and similarities that exist between these countries? What did you learn about each of them? How are they different/similar? Can you develop further hypothesis as to why they are different/similar?
Question 6: Reflect on the affordances and limitations of documentary research as a methodology for answering the overarching question. Did this research enable you to document the social constructs that shape our current reality? How so, or why not?
Save your report as a PDF. Upload your report AND your NVivo File to Canvas.
Not: If you encounter problems with uploading the NVIVO file to Canvas or encounter any conversion issues (from Mac to PC and vice versa), you may upload PDF screenshots of your NVIVO material. Just upload the screenshots as one file and label each screenshot properly (i.e., what is the screenshot representing). If you need help with NVIVO please contact directly your TA.
Global Media Monitoring Report Europe
Assignment 1: Documentary Research
|Assignment 1: Documentary Research|
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAbility to assess the sources reliability by identifying the elements that makes a source reliable and relating it back to the readings and lecture.||3 pts Full Marks 2 pts Rating description 1 pts Rating description 0 pts No marks||3 pts|
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAbility to distinguish between primary and secondary sources and provide evidence from readings and lecture to support the decision behind your classification of document.||3 pts Full Marks 2 pts Rating description 1 pts Rating Description 0 pts No Marks||3 pts|
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAbility to assess the credibility, authenticity and representativeness of the sources relying on course readings and lecture material.||3 pts Full Marks 2 pts Rating Description 1 pts Rating Description 0 pts No Marks||3 pts|
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAbility to provide a concise summary of your overall observations with the documents and the content of them (question 4 in the assignment guidelines)||3 pts Full Marks 2 pts Rating Description 1 pts Rating Description 0 pts No Marks||3 pts|
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAbility to identify and compare your 2 cases (question 5).||3 pts Full Marks 2 pts Rating Description 1 pts Rating Description 0 pts No Marks||3 pts|
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAbility to find the implication of document research as a methodology, reflecting on its affordances and limitations presuming that documents are social constructs represent our current reality (question 6).||3 pts Full Marks 2 pts Rating description 1 pts Rating description 0 pts No Marks||3 pts|
|This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWriting quality: Writing is clear, concise, and well organized with excellent sentence/paragraph construction. Thoughts are expressed in a coherent and logical manner. The paper is almost free from spelling, grammar and punctuation errors (no more than 3 errors).||2 pts Full Marks 1.33 pts Rating Description 0.67 pts Rating Description 0 pts No Marks||2 pts|
|Total Points: 20|
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